One Brain - Two Grammars?
Examining dualistic approaches to language and cognition
Rostock, 1–2 March 2018
University Main Building (Universitätsplatz 1)
Bernd Heine (University of Cologne)
Diana Van Lancker Sidtis (New York University)
Liesbeth Degand (UC Louvain)
Yael Maschler (University of Haifa)
Alexander Haselow (Rostock)
Gunther Kaltenböck (Vienna)
Most grammatical models assume that linguistic structure represents a fairly monolithic system of mental and linguistic activity. Some lines of recent research, however, suggest that human cognitive activity in general and linguistic cognition in particular cannot reasonably be reduced to a single, monolithic system of mental processing but have, in fact, a dualistic organization. Such dualism has been proposed by a number of authors using a variety of different approaches and following different directions of research. It surfaces in particular in psychological work on brain activity (Kahneman 2012), in psycholinguistic research on text comprehension (Kintsch 1988; Gernsbacher 1990; Graesser et al. 1994; Greene et al. 1992; McKoon and Ratcliff 1990, 1992, 1998; Prat et al. 2007), in neurolinguistic research on linguistic processing (Bahlmann, Gunter & Friederici 2006; Van Lancker Sidtis 2009), in linguistic work on performance (Clark 1996; Clark & Fox Tree 2002), on syntax (Kac 1972), on speech act formulas (Pawley 2009), on discourse organization (Kaltenböck et al. 2011; Heine et al. 2013), on the analysis of conversations (Haselow 2013, 2016), and on bilingualism (Maschler 1994; Heine 2016). The dualism is reflected in distinctions such as novel speech and formulaic speech, linear-hierarchical and linear (flat) structure, sentence grammar and thetical grammar, microgrammar and macrogrammar, clausal constituents and extra-clausal constituents, or propositional representation and discourse representation.
However, the hypothesized dualism is not beyond criticism: researchers from the “monolithic camp” argue that linguistic activity cannot be broken down into separate domains, given that it ultimately serves a single goal, that of communication, and that—overall—all neural activities related to language processing and communication are equally networked.
This workshop is devoted to a discussion of the Dualism Hypothesis, based on findings from a wide range of research fields and methodological approaches. As the question mark in the title of the workshop indicates, the debate is intended to be unbiased and thus open to evidence for and against the hypothesis.
The aim of the workshop is to bring together researchers from different research fields to discuss evidence for and against dualistic approaches to linguistic structure, language processing and cognition. We seek to overcome scientific departmentalism and to follow a truly interdisciplinary approach to language structure and grammar modeling, including research findings from linguistics (e.g. grammatical analysis and modeling, pragmatics, conversation analysis), neurolinguistics, psycholinguistics, and (cognitive) psychology. While trying to keep a broad perspective, we particularly invite contributions within a cognitive–functional framework, qualitative and quantitative analyses of natural language data, and experimental research on the (neuro-)cognition of language and language processing. The focus is on English, but contributions focusing on other languages are also welcome.
More specific topics to be addressed may include the following:
- Grammatical approaches dealing with the (alleged) dualisms sentence structure – discourse structure, clausal constituents – extra-clausal constituents
- Correlations between linguistic structure and neural processing (e.g. brain lateralization), e.g. the processing of “flat” vs. “hierarchical/embedded” structures
- Approaches accounting for the dualism of compositional speech vs. formulaic speech or propositional speech vs. non-propositional speech
- Experimental research on monolithic or dualistic linguistic processing (e.g. sentence processing, discourse processing)
- Different suggestions for modelling a dualistic view of language structure in linguistics
20 minute papers + 10 minutes for discussion
Submission of abstracts
Abstracts should not exceed 500 words (exclusive of references) and should clearly state research question(s), approach, method, data and (expected) results.
Please submit your abstract as a .doc or .docx file to brain.grammar2018(at)uni-rostock.de
Submission is possible from 20 February 2017 to 30 July 2017.
Notification of acceptance will be sent out by the middle of September 2017.
|Kasper Boye*, Roelien Bastiaanse** & Peter Harder*||*University of Copenhagen, **University of Groningen||Two usage-based accounts of agrammatic aphasia||Abstract|
|Kasper Boye & Peter Harder||University of Copenhagen||A usage-based theory of the neurocognitive basis of grammar||Abstract|
|Jeanne-Marie Debaisieux||Université de Paris 3, Lattice CNRS ENS Paris 3 USPC||Utterances: one speaker but two ressources, micro and macro syntax||Abstract|
|Liesbeth Degand||University of Louvain (Belgium)||Causal relations between discourse and grammar. A contrastive perspective||Abstract|
|László Drienkó||Hungary||Agreement groups and dualistic syntactic processing||Abstract|
|Anita Fetzer||University of Augsburg||Discourse relations, discourse production and discourse common ground: Evidence from single-authored commentaries and monadic and dyadic editing||Abstract|
|Ad Foolen||Radboud University Nijmegen||Parallel diachronic developments in language, the brain, and society: how far can we go?||Abstract|
|Alexander Haselow||University of Rostock||Structural planning in real-time speech production: The integration–aggregation dualism||Abstract|
|Bernd Heine||University of Cologne||On the dualistic nature of discourse processing: Linguistic and neurolinguistic observations||Abstract|
|Kees Hengeveld||Amsterdam Center for Language and Communication, University of Amsterdam||Functional Discourse Grammar as a dualistic model of language||Abstract|
|Katsunobu Izutsu & Mitsuko Izutsu||Hokkaido University of Education & Fuji Women’s University||Dichotomous or continuous?: What East Asian languages reveal about a dual conception of grammar||Abstract|
|Gunther Kaltenböck||University of Vienna||Discourse Grammar, focus of attention, and formulaic language||Abstract|
|Evelien Keizer||University of Vienna||Syntactic, semantic, and prosodic integration: a Functional Discourse Grammar analysis of frankly and cleverly||Abstract|
|Diana Van Lancker Sidtis||New York University & Nathan Kline Institute for Psychiatric Research||What neurological disorders reveal about dual processing of language||Abstract|
|Yael Maschler||University of Haifa||Sentence structure - discourse structure dualism? Evidence from Hebrew insubordinate clauses||Abstract|
|Vitor C. Zimmerer¹, Andromachi Tsoukala¹, Lisa Stockleben² & Rosemary A. Varley¹||¹University College London, Department of Language and Cognition ²Universität zu Köln, Department Heilpädagogik und Rehabilitation||Syntactic and narrative structure in focal aphasia and frontotemporal dementia||Abstract|
Rostock is the largest city in the German state of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania. The old town of Rostock is crossed by the river Warnow, which flows into the Baltic Sea; the seaside part of Rostock, Warnemünde, is about 20 minutes from the center of Rostock and invites you to take a walk on the beach and to enjoy the maritime atmosphere.
Rostock has an airport (Airport Rostock-Laage, RLG), which lies near Rostock. However, it is only served by flights to and from Munich (MUC), Stuttgart (STG), and Antalya plus some seasonal destinations.
Most people fly to Hamburg (HAM) or Berlin Tegel (TXL)/Berlin Schönefeld (SXF) and then travel to Rostock by train.
From Hamburg Central Station you can take the Regional Express (RE) train to Rostock (ca. 2:27h–2:39h), or the faster InterCity (IC) (ca. 1:50h), which is a bit more expensive. If you’re on budget, look for saving fares (“Sparangebote”) that are offered until a few days before the travel day, but note that this is a specific-train booking, which means that you are committed to a specific train.
If you’re a group of two or more it is advisable buy a “Mecklenburg-Vorpommern Ticket” (MV Ticket). With this group ticket you can travel with up to five adults from Hamburg to Rostock or back (only on a single day!) in any RE train from 9:00 AM to 03:00 AM of the following day and and share the costs. The ticket can be purchased either at the ticket office or from ticket machines available at railway stations. However, be aware that the "MV-Ticket" is NOT valid for the fast train (IC). If you wish to use the IC, you need to buy a ticket that explicitly states "IC".
From Berlin Central Station you can take the direct route using the RE (ca. 2:42h). Once a day there is also a direct route with the faster IC (ca. 2:02h).
From Hamburg: take the motorway A1 to Lübeck and from Lübeck the A20 to Rostock, exit “Rostock Südstadt”. The trip takes between 1:40 and 2 hours.
From Berlin: take the A24 in the direction of Hamburg until the A19 crosses it, then follow the A19 to Rostock and take the exit „Rostock Südstadt“. The trip takes roughly 2:30 hours.
There are bus connections from Hamburg and Berlin to Rostock. The bus station in Rostock is next to Rostock Central Station.
There are ferries running regularly from Gedser (Denmark), Trelleborg (Sweden) and Helsinki (Finland) to Rostock Warnemünde. From the ferry terminal you can either take the bus to the city center or the local train (S-Bahn). A taxi ride to the center of Rostock will cost you around 25 Euros.
Sightseeing: The Top 5 Things to See in Rostock
• Old Town (the area around Kröpeliner Straße) with Marienkirche (St Mary’s Church, a brick gothic church that is home of the oldest astronomical clock from medieval times), Town Hall, University main building, Convent of St. Catherine, and St Petri’s Church (with a platform for a nice view over the town and the harbor),
• Medieval city walls (“Stadtmauer”) and town garden (“Wallanlagen”),
• City harbor with restaurants, bars and a theatre along the quay,
• Kröpeliner-Tor-Vorstadt (KTV) – a student and artist area with bars, restaurants, handicraft shops, and cinemas; the first part of Rostock built outside the city walls,
• the beach and port of Warnemünde (20 minutes from the city center by S-Bahn from Rostock Central Station), with a beautiful promenade, fish and chips shops, shops selling handicraft, the famous green lighthouse, a long beach with dunes that offer an impressive view on the Baltic Sea, and very hungry gulls that have an eye on everything you take out of your bag.
The following hotels are suggestions, the list is not exhaustive. The hotels are all very close to the conference venue (witin walking distance). Note that the prices, which refer to one night without breakfast (unless indicated), are subject to change.
Ibis Hotel Rostock am Stadthafen
close to the Warnow river Warnowufer 42–43, 18057 Rostock,
Germany Phone: +49 (0) 381/24221-0 Fax: +49 (0) 381/24221-444
Price: starting at 50 €
InterCity Hotel Rostock
next to Rostock Central Station Herweghstraße 51, 18055 Rostock,
Germany Phone: +49 (0) 381/4950-0 Fax: +49 (0) 381/4950-999
Price: starting at 80 € (incl. breakfast)
right in the center of the town, next to the city walls Schröderplatz 2, 18057 Rostock,
Germany Phone: +49 (0) 381/66 69 190 Fax: +49 (0) 381/66 69 19-10
Price: starting at 60 € (breakfast 10 €)
right in the center of town Schwaansche Str. 6, 18055 Rostock,
Germany Phone: +49 (0) 381/4970-0 Fax +49 (0) 381/4970-700
Price: starting at 70 €
Steigenberger Hotel Sonne Rostock
right in the center of the town Neuer Markt 2, 18055 Rostock,
Germany Phone: +49 (0) 381/4973-0 Fax: +49(0) 381/4973-351
Price: starting at 63 €
Die kleine Sonne
Steinstraße 7, 18055 Rostock,
Germany Phone: +49 (0) 381/46120
Price: starting at 42 €
August-Bebel-Str. 49b, 18055 Rostock,
Germany Phone: +49 (0) 381/8775618 Fax: +49 (0) 381/8776503
Price: starting at 50 €
If you’re looking for less formal and less costly eating opportunities, we recommend the following areas:
• Kröpeliner Straße (fast food restaurants, bakeries and cafés)
• Rostocker Hof (Kröpeliner Straße/Schwaansche Straße) (Italian, German and Asian food)
• Kröperliner-Tor-Vorstadt (KTV) (fast food restaurants, tapas bars, cafés, bakeries etc.)
All restaurants are in walking distance to the conference venue. The Euro signs indicate the price category, which ranges from “€”=rather cheap to “€€€”=rather expensive.
Rathaus Arkaden (€€)
Neuer Markt 1
Open Mon 17–0h, Tue–Thu 12–0h
Steakhouse Leon’s (€€)
Kröpeliner Str. 19
ideal for vegetarians
Borwin Hafenrestaurant (€€)
Am Strande 2 (situated on the waterfront of the Warnow river)
Open 12–0h for lovers of fish
Al Porto (€€–€€€)
Am Strande 3 (situated on the waterfront of the Warnow river)
Pasta, Pizza, Steaks, Fish, Salad
Lange Straße 40 (close to the Radisson Blu hotel)
Pasta, Pizza, Salad
Rosmarin'o Steakhouse Restaurant (€€)
Am Strande 3a (situated on the waterfront of the Warnow river)
Burwitz Legendär (€€)
Neuer Markt 16
Neuer Markt 17–18
Braugasthaus Zum alten Fritz (€€)
Restaurant Hopfenkeller (€€)
Kroepeliner Str. 18
Zur Kogge (€€)
For lovers of fish
Block House Rostock (€€)
Breite Straße 16
Basically meat Momo (€)
Very tasty Indian food close to the Philosophical Faculty
Leonhardstraße 22 (Kröpeliner-Tor-Vorstadt)
Cosy Indian restaurant in the KTV